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Issue No. 17 - Enigma

A Guide to the World's Biggest Art Prizes

By Alice Losk [Via Artspace] A holdover from the days of the French salon system, art awards provide distinguished organizations—museums, government bodies, corporations, philanthropic groups—with a way to honor the outstanding artistic talent of the day (and to burnish their own reputations in the process). With the Venice Biennale, and its famed Golden Lion, on the horizon, we've assembled a glossary of the world's preeminent art prizes.

ARTPRIZE

Country: The United States Awarded By: The DeVos Foundation Prize: Numerous prizes ranging from $20,000 to $200,000, with the top honor awarded by public vote Aim: To promote critical dialogue and collaboration throughout the year with the goal of decentralizing the traditional, top-down art competition Eligibility: Any artist 18 or older who is able to secure an exhibition venue in Grand Rapids, Michigan, to show a specially created work Number of Winners: 10 winners chosen by the public and six winners chosen by a jury of art world professionals. Year Instituted: 2009 Why It’s Important: No other contest has endured more criticism from the art-world establishment than this one. Critics have dismissed the contest as a populist ploy to bring cultural prestige to Grand Rapids (aka outer Siberia, as far as Chelsea insiders are concerned), and labeled the art produced for the contest as mostly mediocre. Fans of the prize—which tends to go to large-scale realistic drawings—have lauded it as a visionary phenomenon free from coastal elitist snobbery that dominates the art world. Previous Winners: Chris LaPorte, Ran Ortner, Mia Tavonatti

ABRAAJ CAPITAL ART PRIZE

Country: United Arab Emirates Awarded By: The Abraaj Group Prize: $1 million, split between five artists Aim: To support the growth of contemporary art in the Middle East, North Africa, and South Asia Eligibility: The artist must have been born in the Middle East, North Africa, or South Asia. Artists propose possible works that will then be funded; the finished works are then placed in the Abraaj Group’s collection and displayed at the Art Dubai fair. Number of Winners: Five per year. Year Instituted: 2008 Why It’s Important: This is the only award of its kind, and its significant sum ensures an investment in each recipients’ future. In addition, it unusually rewards proposals, not completed pieces. Previous Winners: Vartan Avakian, Iman Issa, Huma Mulji, Hrair Sarkissian, Rayyane Tabet

BUCKSBAUM AWARD

Country: The United States Awarded By: The Whitney Museum and the Bucksbaum Family Foundation Prize: $100,000 Aim: To honor a participant in the Whitney Biennial whose contribution to the show "demonstrates a singular combination of talent and imagination." Eligibility: Must be an artist included in the Whitney Biennial Number of Winners: One Year Instituted: 2000 Why It's Important: The Whitney Biennial represents the pinnacle of the American art world, and this award focuses the prestige of the show on a single artist—often heralding the launch of an artist into fame (and certainly fortune). Artspace Artists Who Have Won It: Mark Bradford and Raymond Pettibon

DUCHAMP PRIZE 

Country: France Awarded By: The Association for the International Diffusion of French Art (ADIAF), Centre Pompidou, and FIAC. Prize: €35,000 ($45,000) in cash and up to €30,000 ($39,000) towards a piece to be exhibited at the Centre Pompidou. Aim: "To promote French art, and to bring together the most innovative artists of their generation and encourage new artistic forms." Eligibility: Must be a French artist or artist living in France. Number of Winners: One, from a list of four to five finalists nominated by collectors and ultimately chosen by a jury of curators, critics, and other collectors. Year Instituted: 2000 Why It’s Important: This award has high cultural cachet because of the venerable institutions awarding it, and it never hurts a contemporary artist to be linked to the legacy of Marcel Duchamp. Artspace Artists Who Have Won: Mircea CantorDominique Gonzalez-Foerster, and Thomas Hirschhorn

FUTURE GENERATION ART PRIZE

Country: International Awarded By: Victor Pinchuk Foundation Prize: $100,000 to $60,000 in cash and $40,000 towards the production of a new work, plus  $20,000 to fund artist-in-residency programs for up to five other winners. Aim: To give long-term support to the next generation of leading artists. Functions like an accelerator or incubator does for businesses, with the chance to be mentored by art-world superstars like Jeff Koons, Damien Hirst, and Takashi Murakami. Eligibility: Artists under the age of 35 from anywhere in the world. Number of Winners: One main prize winner and six general winners, chosen from a shortlist of varying numbers by international art-world heavyweights like Massimiliano Gioni, Carolyn Christov-Bakargiev, and Hans Ulrich Obrist. Year Instituted: 2009 Why It’s Important: This is the first award to pair young up-and-coming artists with mentors, and has a specific focus on the future. In addition, all submissions are made over the Internet. Artspace Artists Who Have Been Shortlisted: Cao Fei and Keren Cytter

 

GOLDEN & SILVER LIONS

Country: Italy Awarded By: The Venice Biennale Prize: Actual statuettes of mini golden and silver lions Aim: To honor the best national participation at the Venice Biennale (Golden Lion), and to honor the most promising artist at the Biennale (Silver Lion) Eligibility: Must be an artist participating in the Venice Biennale Number of Winners: One per award Year Instituted: As it is awarded now, 1986 for the Golden Lion and 1998 for the Silver Lion Why It’s Important: The Venice Biennale is the biggest event of the art calendar—it's widely known as the Olympics of the art world. Winning one of these prizes is a mark of excellence at the highest level. Artspace Artists Who Have Won: Antoni TapiesNam June PaikMarina AbramovicGerhard Richter, and Christian Marclay

LEONORE ANNENBERG PRIZE FOR ART AND SOCIAL CHANGE

Country: The United States Awarded By: The Creative Time Summit, supported by the Annenberg Foundation Prize: $25,000 Aim: To honor an artist whose work promotes social justice Eligibility: Open to all artists. Number of Winners: One Year Instituted: 2009 Why It’s Important: A relatively recent addition to the art-prize circuit, this award seeks to highlight the political implications of socially engaged art, focusing on historically relevant art that is in dialogue with the public discourse. Previous Winners: Fernando Garcia-Dory, Jeanne van Heeswijk, Rick Lowe

HUGO BOSS PRIZE 

Country: The United States Awarded By: The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation and funded by Hugo Boss, the German lifestyle and menswear brand Prize: $100,000 and a solo exhibition at the Guggenheim Museum in New York Aim: To celebrate the arts Eligibility: No restriction of nationality or age Number of Winners: One, chosen by a jury of international curators from six finalists. The winner can be an individual artist or group of artists. Year Instituted: 1996 Why It’s Important: The double punch of the Guggenheim’s respected name and a hefty monetary sum command respect. Though this art has been critiqued for encouraging the Hollywoodization of the contemporary art world, it has nonetheless awarded significant and deserving work and gains immense international attention. Artspace Artists Who Have Been Shortlisted: Laurie AndersonWilliam KentridgeLorna SimpsonMaurizio CattelanRirkrit Tiravanija (winner), Emily Jacir (winner), Patty Chang, and Rashid Johnson

MACARTHUR FELLOWSHIP

Country: The United States Awarded By: The MacArthur Foundation Prize: $500,000 over five years Aim: To support talented individuals who have shown extraordinary originality and dedication in their creative pursuits Eligibility: Nominees must be residents or citizens of the United States Number of Winners: Typically 20 to 30 Year Instituted: 1981 Why It’s Important: This prize, called the “genius grant,” is a life-changing honor. Not limited only to the visual artists, this award has been given to luminaries in fields as diverse as physics, medicine, history, and poetry. The MacArthur Fellowship is also unique in that the prize money comes in quarterly installments without qualifications or restrictions—it is truly "no strings" attached. In addition, there is no application process—recipients often learn that they have been considered only after they have won the fellowship. Artspace Artists Who Have Won the Fellowship: Uta BarthVija Celmins,Elizabeth MurrayCindy Sherman, and Kara Walker

THE MALCOLM AWARD

Country: The United States Awarded By: Performa Prize: $10,000 Aim: To award the best and most thought-provoking performance during the three week Performa biennial. Eligibility: Must be under 40 years old, and must be participating in Performa. Number of Winners: One Year Instituted: 2011 Why It's Important: Named after Sex Pistols svengali Malcolm McClaren, it is the only major prize for performance art. Artspace Artists Who Have Won the Award: Ragnar Kjartansson

PLASTOV AWARD

Country: Russia Awarded By: The Plastov Foundation, in conjunction with the All-Russia Creative Public Association and the Union of Russian Artists. Prize: $627,000 Aim: To foster contemporary figurative art, as in the style of the late Russia master painter Arkady Plastov Eligibility: Any contemporary artist working in the figurative style. There are 16 possible categories—"Young Art" and "World Names" among them—which requirements specific to each, and the top prize is actually shared by several first-prize winners. Number of Winners: 16 Year Instituted: 2007, though 2013 is the first year that the prize money has been so substantial Why It’s Important: The classics fight back. Figurative painting isn’t exactly the most popular genre in the contemporary art world, and the goal of this prize is to change that. Beyond that, the outrageous size of the prize money demands attention in and of itself.

PRIZ PICTET 

Country: Switzerland Awarded By: Swiss Private Bank Pictet et Cie Prize: The prize has two components—an award of $105,000, and "the Commission," in which a nominated photographer travels to a region where the bank is supporting a sustainability project and creates a portfolio around that project Aim: To support photography, specifically environmentally conscious work Eligibility: Candidates must be nominated by a selected group of experts that changes with each cycle of the award. Recent judges have included representatives from Frieze and the New York Times. Number of Winners: One, chosen from a shortlist of 12 to 18 artists and hundreds of nominations Year Instituted: 2008 Why It’s Important: This is the world’s first significant cash prize for photography. Artspace Artists Who Have Been Shortlisted: Joel Sternfeld, Edward Burtynsky,Michael WolfChristopher AndersonEdgar Martins, and Chris Steele-Perkins

ROB PRUITT AWARDS

Country: United States Awarded By: The artist Rob Pruitt, and sponsored first by the Guggenheim Museum, then by Art Fag City Prize: The honor of the award Aim: Part award-ceremony-as-performance-art, part actually prestigious event, the awards were meant to celebrate high-profile achievements in the art world while satirizing the culture from which they originated. The event was first conceived as a reimagining of the Guggenheim's annual fundraiser, which Rob Pruitt transformed into the Annual Art Awards. Number of Winners: 10, from 10 categories. Year Instituted: 2009-2010. Why It's Important: The awards began as satire but quickly turned into an embrace of art-world excess. In 2012, the awards were reincarnated as the Art Fag City Rob Pruitt Awards and Auction, but Rob Pruitt himself was not intimately involved in the prize's second life: the satirical award ceremony was held with the goal of raising money for the Art Fag City blog. Artspace Artists Who Have Been Shortlisted: Louise Bourgeois (winner) and Marina Abramovic

TURNER PRIZE

Country: The United Kingdom Awarded By: Tate Britain Prize: £25,000 and an exhibition at Tate Britain Aim: To honor contemporary visual art by a young artist. It was named after J.M.W. Turner because he was controversial in his own day and had wanted to establish a prize for young artists. Eligibility: Must be an artist under 50 years of age born, living, or working in the United Kingdom and be selected to participate in the Turner Prize's shortlist exhibition. Number of Winners: One from a shortlist of four artists. Year Instituted: 1984 What makes it important: As the most publicized art award in the U.K., the career-making Turner Prize has been controversial since its inception, and established itself as a lightning rod for conservative critics when the 1986 prize went to Gilbert & George (read an interview with them here). Prince Charles has said that the prize has “contaminated the art world,” yet the artists who have won the award have gone on to become enormously successfully, both critically and financially. Past shortlisted works have included dismembered, pickled animals (Damien Hirst's 1995 Mother and Child), a bare room illuminated by a light going on and off (Martin Creed's 2001 The Lights Going On and Off), and an unmade double bed littered with dirty underwear, condoms, and empty drink bottles (Tracey Emin's 1999 My Bed). Artspace Artists Who Have Been Shortlisted: Malcolm Morley (winner), Howard Hodgkin (winner), Anish Kapoor (winner), Rachel Whiteread (winner), Damien Hirst (winner), Mona HatoumDouglas Gordon (winner), Gary HumeTracey EminLiam GillickSimon Starling (winner), Darren AlmondTomma Abts(winner), and Zharina Bhimji

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