Image above: © Jill Greenberg, “Anxious," 2005, Archival pigment print, Courtesy of ClampArt, New York City
Image above: ©Ashley Comer, (Top Left) Kris Graves, (Top Right) Nancy Burson, (Bottom Left) Frank Yamrus, (Bottom Right) Brian Clamp and Raechel McCarthy
ClampArt presented “Headshots: Contemporary Photographic Portraiture,” a group exhibition including artworks by Diane Arbus, David Armstrong, Nancy Burson, Mathew Cerletty, Jen Davis, Eve Fowler, Nan Goldin, Kris Graves, Jill Greenberg, Rachel Hulin, Bill Jacobson, Andrea Modica, Yasumasa Morimura, Mark Morrisroe, Vik Muniz, Catherine Opie, Louie Palu, Jack Pierson, David Robbins, Andres Serrano, Pedro Slim, and Frank Yamrus, among others.
Image above: © Louie Palu, “U.S. Marine Gunnery Sergeant Carlos ‘OJ’ Orjuela, age 31, Garmsir, Helmand, Afghanistan," 2008, Archival pigment print, Courtesy of ClampArt, New York City
Recently, a familiar, iconic artwork from the 1980s by David Robbins titled “Talent” was on display in the new Whitney Museum in New York City (see page two of the press release for an illustration). In 1986, Robbins hired a well-established headshot photographer to shoot portraits of eighteen important visual artists of the day (from Jeff Koons to Cindy Sherman to Robert Longo), and this group of photographs, displayed together in a grid, comprises Robbins’ artwork. Among other things, “Talent” is a wonderful, rich, and wry commentary upon common misconceptions about artists and their role in society. But, the project also inspires reflection on the formality and convention of a headshot photograph in terms of framing, lighting, etc.
Image above: © The Estate of Mark Morrisroe (Ringier Collection) at Fotomuseum Winterthur, Mark Morrisroe, “Untitled (Close Up of Robert in Front of Floral Fabric),” early 1980s, Vintage Polaroid print, Courtesy of ClampArt, New York City
In the late 19th and early 20th century, small cabinet photos or cartes de visite would double as promotional materials for actors, and because of their purpose, the straightforward standard was established from the start—a typically medium close-up showing the top of the shoulders up to above the head with the eyes generally in the top, middle half of the frame according to the rule of thirds. A good headshot is generally a candid, unfussy likeness—a portrait without too much distracting artsiness. While imbued with more personality than what is conveyed in a generic ID photograph, the two share formal qualities. And yet, the head-and-shoulders, frontal depiction of a sitter is also commonly employed in more artful portraiture of all media.
Image above: © Kris Graves, “The Artist," 2014, Archival pigment print, Courtesy of ClampArt, New York City
“Headshots” explores the practice through a wide range of contemporary photographic portraits by a 531 West 25th Street Ground Floor New York, NY 10001 broad collection of artists. Whether it is Muniz’s portrayal of a world leader, Arbus’ photograph of an anonymous woman on the street, or Robbins’ depiction of a fellow artist, the artworks included in the exhibition exemplify the diversity of expression possible by means of a fairly standardized and rigid tradition. Perhaps the more things change, the more they stay the same.